RELEASE OF THE ISLAND BORNHOLM BY SOVIET FORCES DURING THE WORLD WAR II
Bornholm was occupied by the German troops on the 10th of April 1940. A large naval base of fascist
Germany was formed on the island to cover naval communications in the south-western part of the Baltic Sea. The
strength of German garrison was up to 20 thousand military personnel.
On the 9th of May 1945 the airborn forces of the 2nd Byelorussian front landed on the island
with the support of Baltic navy ships and aviation. Active assistance to the release of Bornholm from Hitler-troops was
rendered by the members of Danish Resistance movement.
The inhabitants of Bornholm warmly welcomed the Soviet forces who quickly managed to set up friendly relations with
population and local authorities. Here is one of the quotations that reflects the attitude of the majority of the Danes
to the presence of Soviet soldiers-liberators: “Russian forces will leave the best memories after them, their
discipline was exemplary. They came as friends and brought release with them. We will never forget it”. (Newspaper
Soviet forces could not leave the island at once as comprehensive military control over the fulfillment of surrender
terms should be provided. Moreover, the sailors of the Baltic navy were making great work to clear the Baltic districts
from mines, owing to this the security of Danish, Swedish and other countries’ trade shipping was provided.
After the entire completion of all the activities, on the 4th of April 1946 the act on assignation of the
island to the representatives of Danish authorities was signed. And the next day on the 5th of April 1946
the Commander-in-Chief on Bornholm the Major General A.Jakushev left the island on the naval vessel.
Soviet forces fulfilled their duty to the end having paid for the Bornholm’s release with many soldiers’ lives and
having left good memories after themselves among the Danish population.
Russian orchestra plays in honor of the Royal Pair’s arrival on the 18th of June 1945
The Royal pair accompanied by the General Korotkov passes along the Guard of Honor
The truck with propaganda on the boards
Guard of Honor’s company returns from the ceremonial meeting of the Royal Pair
"Regiment’s son", company’s commander promised to take him on Bornholm
Soviet officers and soldiers in the port of Rønne
Soviet ferry near the Bornholm coast
Major General Jakushev on the meeting with the chairman for Bornholms administration Mr. Stemmanson
From right to left: mine layer ”Vladimir Poluhin”, Danish mine layer “Lindorman”, the ship from the Baltic Sea 66th squadron
The flag of Soviet Navy on the mine layer “Vladimir Poluhin”
It was a great occasion for the inhabitants of Bornholm
General Jakushev gives an interview to the Danish radio on the board of the Soviet mine layer
On horseback in the streets of Klemensker
Funeral procession, Rønne
General Korotkov accompanies the Royal Pair after dinner
The last Soviet sailor lifts the ladder
The Soviet mine layer salutes 21 times before home departure
Soviet soldiers leave Bornholm